Israel and Hamas Agree to Cease-Fire in Exchange for Hostage Release

After more than six weeks of war, the Israeli government and Hamas announced Wednesday morning that they would uphold a brief cease-fire in Gaza to allow for the release of 50 hostages Hamas captured during its assault last month on Israel.

The decision, first announced by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s office in a WhatsApp message,includes a pause of at least four days in the fighting in Gaza. If it holds, it would be the longest halt in hostilities since Hamas’s Oct. 7 attacks prompted Israel to begin its bombardment and ground invasion of Gaza.

“The Israeli government is committed to the return of all abductees home,” the government said. It added: “Tonight, the government approved the outline for the first stage of achieving this goal, according to which at least 50 abductees — women and children — will be released for four days, during which there will be a lull in the fighting. The release of every 10 additional abductees will result in an additional day of respite.”

In its own statement on Telegram, Hamas affirmed the deal, saying, “After many days of difficult and complex negotiations, we announce, with the help and blessing of God, that we have reached a humanitarian truce.”

Hamas added that the 50 Israelis would be freed in exchange for the release of 150 Palestinian women and detainees under 19 held in Israeli jails.

The Israeli hostages may not be released until Thursday at the earliest to allow time for Israeli judges to review potential legal challenges to an agreement, according to an Israeli official.

Qatar, the lead mediator of the deal, did not immediately comment.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel said at a news briefing on Tuesday, “We won’t rest until we achieve total victory, and until we bring everyone back.”Credit…Pool photo by Abir Sultan

Under the terms of the deal, according to the Hamas statement, 50 Israeli women and children would be freed in exchange for the release of 150 Palestinian women and other detainees under the age of 19. Its statement said that Israel had also agreed to let in more aid supplies to Gaza; continue to allow civilians to evacuate northern Gaza; and halt its flights over Gaza except for a six-hour window every day.

Israel’s statement did not include those details, but the two officials said that Israel had agreed that Israeli troops would remain in their current positions. Civilians currently in southern Gaza will not be allowed to return to the north, the officials added.

But the Hamas statement also said, “While we now announce the arrival of the truce agreement, we affirm that our hands will remain on the trigger, and our triumphant brigades will remain on the lookout to defend our people and to defeat the occupation and aggression.”

Before Israeli ministers voted to approve the hostage deal, Benny Gantz, a member of Israel’s emergency war cabinet, said the deal was “hard and painful from a human perspective.” But he called it the best possible option to allow Israel to continue “pursuing the campaign” against Hamas.

Mr. Netanyahu, who said this week that freeing the hostages was a “sacred and supreme task,” has been under public pressure to reach a deal. Hamas seized some 240 hostages when it attacked Israel on Oct. 7 and killed about 1,200 people, according to Israeli officials.

This month, anguished families of some of the hostages marched from Tel Aviv to Mr. Netanyahu’s office in Jerusalem, holding up posters of the captives and beseeching him to do more to bring their relatives home.

Israeli soldiers securing an area of the music festival that was overrun by Hamas last month.Credit…Sergey Ponomarev for The New York Times

President Biden also sounded optimistic on Tuesday. “We’re now very close, very close,” he told reporters at the White House on Tuesday morning. “We could bring some of these hostages home very soon.”

The United States has been engaged for weeks in indirect talks with Israel, Hamas and Qatar to secure an agreement.

The hostages were seized from homes along Israel’s border, as well as from military bases and a large outdoor music festival. They included civilians, soldiers, people with disabilities, children, grandparents and a 9-month-old baby. The captives also included people from more than 40 countries, at least 20 Thai farm workers and at least one Palestinian resident of Israel.

The negotiations have focused on the release of Palestinian women and minors held in Israeli prisons — a group that has grown in size since the Oct. 7 attacks.

About 200 boys, most of them teenagers, were in Israeli detention as of this week, along with about 75 women and five teenage girls, according to Addameer, a Palestinian prisoners’ rights group. Before the Hamas attacks, about 150 boys and 30 women and girls were in Israeli prisons, the group said.

An Israeli military vehicle transporting Palestinian detainees near the border with Gaza on Monday.Credit…Yossi Zeliger/Reuters

Many recent arrests were made during Israeli raids across the West Bank, where protests and violence have surged, including attacks on Palestinians by Israeli settlers. Israel has said that the arrests are part of a counterterrorism operation against Hamas in the West Bank.

The Israeli military also said that it apprehended 300 people in Gaza during its ground invasion and took them to Israeli territory for “further interrogations.”

A pause in the fighting, however brief, could bring some measure of relief to civilians in Gaza.

About 13,000 people have been killed in Gaza since the war began, according to health officials in the Hamas-controlled territory. More than one million Gazans have been displaced amid heavy airstrikes, and many are running perilously low on basic human necessities like food and water.

As part of its offensive against Hamas, Israel has cut off electricity to Gaza and blocked the delivery of most fuel, saying that Hamas could divert it for military use.

As fighting raged in Gaza, deadly clashes were intensifying on Israel’s northern border with Lebanon, where Israeli troops have been exchanging fire with Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed militia group that exercises de facto control over southern Lebanon.

An Israeli airstrike on the outskirts of Aita al-Shaab, a Lebanese border village with Israel, as seen from south Lebanon on Tuesday.Credit…Hussein Malla/Associated Press

On Tuesday, three people, including two journalists, were killed in a strike about four miles from the border near the Lebanese town of Tayr Harfa, Lebanon’s state-run news agency reported. The journalists — Farah Omar, a reporter; and Rabih Al-Maamari, a cameraman — were killed shortly after a live broadcast, according to Al Mayadeen, a network based in Beirut.

At least 50 journalists have been killed during the Israel-Hamas war, according to the Committee to Protect Journalists, which says it has been one of the deadliest periods for reporters since the group began gathering data in 1992.

Lebanon’s caretaker prime minister, Najib Mikati, blamed Israel for the deaths. “This attack proves once again that there are no limits to Israel’s crimes,” he said in a statement.

The Israeli military said that the episode was under review and that its troops had been responding to a Hezbollah threat. Hezbollah said it had retaliated by targeting Israeli soldiers with guided missiles and by hitting an Israeli military base with rockets.

The Israeli military said that there had been “a number of launches from Lebanon,” but offered no specifics.

Reporting was contributed by Liam Stack, Michael Levenson, Aaron Boxerman, Michael D. Shear Euan Ward, Hwaida Saad, Karen Zraick, Hiba Yazbek, Edward Wong and Johnatan Reiss.

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