What happens next if Boris Johnson quits?

If Boris Johnson were to resign, the Conservative Party would then need to select its next leader, who would become prime minister.

Under the Conservative Party’s current rules, the vote would take place in two stages: First, Conservative members of Parliament would put their names forward and face a series of votes until only two candidates remained. Then, party members would be called on to express their vote for one of the two.

The timing for each contest is set out by the 1922 Committee, which represents Conservative backbenchers.

In recent decades, James Callaghan, John Major, Gordon Brown, Theresa May and Boris Johnson all initially took over after internal party changes without a general election.

According to Tory rules, Mr. Johnson would usually be expected to stay in the post until a new leader was elected, as Mrs. May did in 2019 and David Cameron in 2016. But he could resign and recommend that the queen appoint a new prime minister to fill that position until the Conservative Party appointed a new leader.

Mrs. May, who also survived a no-confidence vote in December 2018, announced her resignation within six months of her victory. After that, an election was held. Mr. Johnson and his opponent, Jeremy Hunt, who were chosen as the party’s finalists, spent six hectic weeks campaigning before a vote among the 160,000 members of the party.

If Mr. Johnson insists on staying in office, the rules state that he could not face another no-confidence for another year, since he faced one last month. But those rules could be changed by the senior hierarchy of the Conservative Party in Parliament.

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